Open Access (OA) is free, permanent, web-based access to scholarly publications. OA is the principle that research should be readily available immediately after publication and to anyone with an Internet connection. It is improving the way scholarly information is shared.
What is an Open Access Journal?
An Open Access journal is a scholarly journal that is freely available online to readers with access to the Internet. OA journal publishers use a funding model that does not charge readers or their institutions (e.g., libraries) for access. Instead, there are usually article processing fees that are the responsibility of the author, and may be covered by the author’s research grant.
OA journal publishers use a funding model that does not charge readers or their institutions (e.g., libraries) for access. While it might be much less expensive to produce and publish OA literature, this publishing option does have costs. The OA journal funding model uses two different revenue streams:
- No-fee open access journals that are subsidized by an academic institution or a government information center, and
- Fee-based open access journals that require payment on behalf of the author. This fee is typically financed by funds made available to researchers from a public or private funding agency, as part of a research grant, or by the researcher’s employer.